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Contents 4/2021
Title: Fostering inclusion in art museums through mobile digital content Abstract: This paper deals with digitally mediated museum experiences of novice visitors at the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna and discusses them in the context of museum inclusion. Research participants included families with young children and members of minority communities in Vienna whose visit was facilitated by two app-based guided tours developed for children. The research goal was to explore the impact of the mobile guide’s digital content and modes of communication on the visitors’ interaction with the guide, with the museum space and objects, and with family members. The families’ interactions were observed, recorded and analyzed. The results suggest that carefully considered and created content on mobile guides has the potential to provide novice family visitors with experiences that support their independence and active engagement, create opportunities for mutual facilitation, and support their different identities, all of which have been considered as conducive to inclusion. Author: Željka Miklošević Publication order reference: Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, University of Zagreb, (Department of Information and Communication Sciences, Museology Unit), Ivana Lučića 3, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia, e-mail: zmiklose@ffzg.hr, ORCID: 0000-0003- 2742-3508 Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2021, vol.: 9, number: 4,  pages: 5-19. Key words: art museum, mobile guide, novice visitors, multimodality, inclusion Language: English online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.1 Title: Museums of martyrdom and the pedagogy of remembrance in the context of shaping students’ attitudes and future competences Abstract: Museums of martyrdom operate on the sites of former Nazi concentration camps in Poland as memorials to the events of the Second World War. These institutions are part of the pedagogy of remembrance, which is an educational discipline connected with the theories of the German philosopher Theodor W. Adorno. The pedagogy of remembrance assumes that as part of the didactic process, it is important not only to learn about atrocities, but above all to analyse their causes. The discussion and debate surrounding the pedagogy of remembrance have allowed this article to identity the correlation between its assumptions and the shaping of students’ attitudes as well as the development of skills included in the key competences. These competences are also referred to in a broader sense as competences of the future, as they are necessary for an individual to function properly in society. The aim of this article is therefore to clarify whether and how museums of martyrdom and the pedagogy of remembrance can foster the development of the skills defined as competences of the future. This article also attempts to indicate the museum activities and didactic methods that can be used by educators at places of remembrance in order to shape attitudes and develop key competencies. Authors: Marta Milewska Publication order reference: OBBH IPN in Warsaw, Poland, e-mail: m.milewska@vistula.edu.pl, ORCID:0000-0003-3283-4037 Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2021, vol.: 9, number: 4,  pages: 21-39. Keywords: museum, museum of martyrdom, pedagogy of remembrance, key competences, competences of the future Language: English online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.2 Title: On Defining the Participatory Museum: The Case of the Museum of the Second World War in Gdansk Abstract: This article seeks to contribute to the current debate on the new definition of the “museum” – a debate which led to turmoil at the 2019 ICOM General Assembly in Kyoto. With reference to the case study of the Museum of the Second World War in Gdansk (MSWW), it analyses the new and very successful genre of the narrative museum, a genre which arguably fulfils the core elements of the definition currently being discussed by ICOM. In this regard, it brings into focus the paramount importance of community involvement in creating and managing narrative museums – an aspect that has been virtually absent in the academic and media debates over the nature of the MSWW and its programme. By pointing out the fragility of the foundations for such participation, based solely on trust between communities, the museum, and state authorities, this article calls for and provides guidance for an academic and institutional redefinition of the narrative museum and the institution of a museum in general. Author: Ewa Manikowska –  Andrzej Jakubowski Publication order reference: Institute of Art, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland, e-mail: ewa.manikowska@ispan.pl, ORCID: 0000-0001-6633-823X, Institute of Legal Studies, University of Opole, Opole, Poland, e-mail: andrzej.jakubowski@uni.opole.pl, ORCID: 0000-0002-4914-7068 Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2021, vol.: 9, number: 4,  pages: 41-55. Keywords: narrative museum, participation, community, human rights, Museum of the Second World War in Gdansk Language: English online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.3 Title: The Protection of Cultural Heritage vs. the Right to Private Property: The Extraordinary Case of the Portrait of Dr. Gachet by Vincent van Gogh Abstract: In 1890, Vincent van Gogh moved from Paris to Auvers-sur-Oise, where he met Dr. Paul-Ferdinand Gachet, who agreed to host and take care of the painter, especially regarding his mental health. However, he did not manage to save the artist, who committed suicide the same year. His hopeless mental health was seen in the famous portrait of Dr. Gachet, which radiated a distinct melancholy and sadness. The Portrait of Dr. Gachet was bought for $ 82.5 million by a Japanese millionaire and art collector, Ryoei Saito, who said that after his death it was to be burned along with his corpse. It raised loud objections in the art world, which recognised the common good and the legacy of our cultural heritage in the painting. This case is a classic example of a dispute between the ideals of liberalism and communitarianism and is seen as a hard case in law. The aim of the article is to present the history of The Portrait of Dr. Gachet and its place in the dispute between liberalism and communitarianism (in the context of cultural heritage law), which in turn means that this case can be seen as a hard case. Authors: Kamil Zeidler – Aleksandra Guss Publication order reference: University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Law and Administration, Department of Theory and Philosophy of the State and Law, Corresponding adress: ul. Jana Bażyńskiego 6, 80-952 Gdańsk, e-mail address: kamil.zeidler@ug.edu.pl, ORCID: 0000-0002-8396-3608, e-mail address: aleksandra.guss@phdstud.ug.edu.pl, ORCID: 0000-0002-4157-6853 Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2021, vol.: 9, number: 4,  pages: 57-68. Keywords: Cultural Heritage Law, Art Law, Hard Cases, Liberalism vs. Communitarianism, Philosophy of Law Language: English online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.4 Title: Islamic architecture in Tbilisi and Batumi: Muslim heritage in Georgia Abstract: Georgia’s cultural wealth is the result of the country’s centuries-old history and complex ethnic, religious and political relations. Islam, present in these areas since the seventh century, was of significant importance for the shaping of Georgian architecture. Architectural elements characteristic of Middle Eastern art were thus transferred to a Christian country. Arabs and Persians left behind buildings and ornamental details. The article is the result of field research carried out in Georgia, the purpose of which was to identify the issues of shaping and preserving memory and cultural and religious identity in the Muslim community. Georgian Muslim architecture is heavily neglected and requires increased protection, and above all significant financial resources that are difficult to obtain from a small number of Islamic communities. On the other hand, contemporary trends in Georgian architecture are realized and financed by Muslim businesses. Authors: Aldona Piwko Publication order reference: Vistula University in Warsaw, e-mail: a.piwko@vistula.edu.pl, ORCID: 0000-0003-2300-4306 Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2021, vol.: 9, number: 4,  pages: 69-83. Keywords: Christianity, Islam, cultural heritage, architecture, Georgia Language: English online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.5 Title: Greek Catholic and Orthodox shrines in the Polish People’s Republic as examples of destroying and saving the cultural heritage of the frontier Abstract: The shrine constituting the centre of spirituality was inseparable from the religious life of the Ukrainian people. The deportations of Ukrainians from the south-east of Poland in 1944–1947 exposed their churches to intentional and unintentional devastation. The communist authorities aimed to erase the traces of Ukrainian people in that area therefore they were not interested in preserving the abandoned Greek Catholic shrines. What is more, they even encouraged their demolition. One way to save them was allowing them to be taken over by the Roman Catholic Church. However, it often involved a change to their interior décor. The best solution was allowing them to be taken over by the Orthodox Catholic Church, or transferring them to open-air museums as museum objects. Authors: Roman Drozd Publication order reference: Pomeranian University in Słupsk, Institute of History, Arciszewskiego 22 a, 76-200 Słupsk, Poland e-mail: roman.drozd@apsl.edu.pl, ORCID: 0000-0003-0169-7295 Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2021, vol.: 9, number: 4,  pages: 85-97. Keywords: Greek Catholic Church, Orthodox Catholic Church, shrines, Ukrainian people, Poland 1944–1989 Language: English online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.6 In Practice  Title: Local history and museology in Dagestan: trends and prospects of interrelated development Abstract: The article describes the historical periods of development two closely related fields of activity in Daghestan (Russia) – local history and museology. Within each period, the authors highlight the stages of the local history and museum initiative of the local intellectuals and educators. The spatio-temporal dynamics of the network of local history museums in the context of the republic’s municipalities is analysed. The features of the evolution of local lore and museum affairs are revealed in the light of the prospects for the popularisation of the rich natural and cultural heritage of the “Country of the Mountains”. The issues surrounding the formation of effective museum and tourist clusters on this territory are discussed. Authors: Eldar Eldarov – Murtazali Gadzhiev Publication order reference: Faculty of Management, Daghestan State University. Chairman of the Daghestan branch of the Russian Geographical Society, Makhachkala, Russian Federation, e-mail: geodag@mail.ru, ORCID: 0000-0002-9873-4437, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography, Daghestan Federal Research Centre of RAS, Makhachkala, Russian Federation, e-mail: murgadj@rambler.ru, ORCID: 0000-0002-4592-0527 Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2021, vol.: 9, number: 4,  pages: 99-113. Keywords: local lore studies, local history museums, cultural tourism, museum and tourist cluster, Daghestan Language: English online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.7
Articles (Abstracts)

Full-text version

DOI:10.46284/mkd.2021.9.4.0
  ISSN 1339-2204 eISSN 2453-9759 Vol. 9 (2021), No. Is. 4